Individual’s entrepreneurial intentions are important variables to predict their entrepreneurial behaviors. Intentions may reflect into a concrete behavior. However, looking at the definition of intention, researchers have no identical definition about individual’s entrepreneurial intentions (Peng, Lu, & Kang, 2012).
For example, Francis and Banning (2001) defined intention as business orientation, while Korunka, et.al (2003) defined intention as nascent entrepreneur. Given those different definitions, this study defines the entrepreneurial intention as a mental orientation such as desire, wish and hope influencing their choice of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurial intention is considered as personal orientation toward owning a business in the future. Research
confirms that entrepreneurial intentions play an important role in the decision to start a new firm. However, the reasons why individual persons go into business may vary depending on many reasons. Many say that a decision to leave a job and go into business can be either personal or organizational reasons; cultural or family background.
Personal or psychological reasons why a person goes into business can be caused by the fact that the person has interest to go into business. He/she does not want to be under the control of other person. Those who need for independence may prefer to open their own business and to be the boss of his/her own business. He/she wants to be free and independent in terms of what he/she wants to do in his business. Other researchers also found that personality traits
may affect individual’s entrepreneurial intentions. They considered personality traits as an important factor.
Entrepreneurs who show some personality traits such as strong achievement orientation, strong individual control, and willingness to take risks, endurance, and intelligence (Shaver, 1995) prefer to establish their own business and become boss for their own business rather than they are controlled by other people, though this might not be the single reason for going into business because other researchers hold that those personality traits cannot be taken
as an effective explanation of their choice of starting business(Gartner, 1985).
Others also leave the job and go into business. It is because of some organizational problems that are not favorable to the employ and employer relationship (Lee, Wong,& foo, 2009). When an employees feel that they are not happy and not growing if they continue to work with the same company, they left the company and established their own. There can be other factors such as culture and family background that encourages or discourage an individual person to go into business (Ozalli &Rivenburg, 2015). There are cultures that encourage entrepreneurial behavior but some cultures are not. Even family background and training can become conducive environment for the entrepreneurial behavior to grow. Other researchers also contend that entrepreneurial intention can be caused by subjective reasons such as the expectation of the family, parents and from other important person who are closed or important to them (Krueger, 1993). They also found that entrepreneurship is associated with entrepreneurial attitude and mediated by intentions (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1977)